IBP Social Psychology Summary - Introduction & Social cognition- ch 1 and 2
Social and Organizational PsychologyIBP 2017-2018 Introduction:Social psychology: the scientific field that seeks to understand the nature and causes of individual behavior, feelings, and thoughts in social situationsFour of the most important values that all fields must adopt to be considered scientific in nature:Accuracy: Gathering and evaluating information about the world in as careful, precise, and error-free manner as possible Objectivity: Obtaining and evaluating information in a manner that is as free from bias as possibleSkepticism: Accepting findings as accurate only to the extent they have been verified over and over again Open-Mindedness: A commitment to changing one’s views if existing evidence suggests that these views are inaccurateWhy do social psychologists adopt the scientific method?Because “common sense” provides an unreliable guide to social behavior and because our personal thought is influenced by many potential sources of bias. Social Cognition:Social Cognition: how we think about other people and the social worldGiven our limited cognitive capacity, we often experience information overload. To cope with this condition, we use heuristics (simple rules of thumb for making decisions in a quick and relatively effortless manner)Heuristics:Representativeness: the more an individual seems to resemble, or match a given group, the more likely she or he is to belong to that groupAvailability: the easier it is to bring information to mind, the greater its impact on subsequent decisions or judgmentsAnchoring and adjustment: using a number or value as a starting point from which we then make adjustments.Example: portion size effect: the tendency to eat more when a larger portion of food is received than a smaller portion Status Quo: the way things are currently is better than any other alternativeSchemas: basic components of social cognition. These mental frameworks, formed through experience, help us...
Recente lecture notes (2018-2019) JulitaBonita contributed on 07-03-2019 11:27
Thank you for sharing your notes with us, Ilona! :) Very useful! I would like to point out the link to more recent content. A now 1st year IBP student, shares her notes for this course. Check out her Social and Organisation psychology - lecture notes (2018-2019) . You can also follow Emy's profile for more lecture notes.
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