Sexual coercion - a summary of chapter 15 of Understanding human sexuality by Hyde and DeLamater

Sexology
Chapter 15
Sexual coercion


Rape

Rape: non-consenting oral, anal, or vaginal penetration obtained by force, by threat of force, or when the victim is incapable of giving consent.

Most statistics find that a woman’s lifetime risk of being raped is between 18 and 25 percent.

The impact of rape

Women who experience rape are more likely to show several types of psychological distress

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Suicide ideation and attempts
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
    Long-term psychological distress suffered by someone who has experienced a trauma.

People who have experienced a terrifying event form a memory schema that involves information about the situation and their responses to it.
Because the schema is large, many cues can trigger it and thereby evoke the feelings of terror that occurred at the time.
The schema is probably activated at some level all the time.
The consequences can be far reaching and long lasting.

Most women who experience a sexual assault have negative psychological reactions immediately afterwards.
Many show significant recovery within a year.
A number of factors are associated with worse psychological outcomes

  • Whether the woman has experienced sexual violence previously
  • The severity of the violence
  • Reactions of others when the woman discloses the assault

Psychotherapeutic treatments for PTSD are available and they are successful in treating rape survivors.

Some women experience self-blame.
Self-blame is linked to worse long-term psychological outcomes.

Damage to women’s physical health that may result from rape

  • Physical injuries
  • Vaginal pain
  • Women who have been forced to have oral sex may suffer irritation or damage to the throat
  • Women who were forced to have anal intercourse may have rectal bleeding and pain
  • Sexually transmitted infections
  • Pregnancy

Rape affects many people besides the victim.
Most women routinely do a number of things that stem from rape fears.
Most women experience the fear of rape, if not rape itself, and this fear restricts their activities.

Spouses or partners of victims may be profoundly affected.
At the same time, they can provide important support.

Not everyone who experiences a serious traumatic event

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Understanding human sexuality by Hyde and DeLamater - a summary

This is a summary of the book Understanding human sexuality by Hyde and DeLamater. The book is about topics ranging from sex is different cultures to sexual disfunctions. The book is used in the course 'Sexology' at the university of Amsterdam. Because of this only the

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