In which parts did Freud divide the human personality?

Freud described the human personality as being divided in three major parts.
These are:

  • The id
    The part of personality containing the libido
    The basic part of personality and is present at birth
    Basically operates on the pleasure principle
  • The ego
    The part of the personality that helps the person have realistic, rational interactions
    Operates on the reality principle and tries to keep the id in line
  • The superego
    The part of the personality containing the conscience
    Contains the values and ideals of the society that we learn
    Operates on idealism
    Its aim is to inhibit the impulses of the id and to persuade the ego to strive for moral goals rather than realistic ones
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