Eighteenth- and nineteenth- century precursors to a scientific psychology - summary of chapter 3 of Historical and conceptual issues in psychology, by Brysbaert, M and Rastle, K (second edition)

Foundation of PsychologyChapter 3Eighteenth- and nineteenth- century precursors to a scientific psychology A characteristic of current Western society is that people derive their self-image and self-esteem from their own qualities and accomplishments rather than from the position of their family in society.Individualisation: trend in a society towards looser social relations and a greater focus by individuals on themselves than on the groups they belong to.Historians believe that this process of individualisation started sometime around the end of the Middle Ages and is still growing.Following factors are contributions:Increased complexity of societyIncreasing diversity in occupations and complexity of social relationsIncreased urbanisation and industrialisation put people into more complex and competitive social networks, in which everyone struggled to maintain a sense of dignity and meaning.As the number of occupations and trades grew, people felt a greater need to position themselves relative to others.Increased control by the stateSociety gathered and stored more and more information about its individuals, which was reported back to the citizens. This information gathering gave people the feeling of standing out of the crowd.Individuality promoted by ChristianityThis religion puts an emphasis on the solitary individual, because each person’s private state of faith and religion to God is the essence of piety.Mirrors, books and lettersThe presence of a mirror in the house made...

Access options

The full content is only visible for Logged in World Supporters.

More benefits of joining WorldSupporter

  • You can use the navigation and follow your favorite supporters
  • You can create your own content & add contributions
  • You can save your favorite content and make your own bundles
  • See the menu for more benefits

Full access to all pages on World Supporter requires a JoHo membership

  • For information about international JoHo memberships, read more here.


Support JoHo and support yourself by becoming a JoHo member


Become a Member



Connect & Continue
WorldSupporter Resources

Historical and conceptual issues in psychology, by Brysbaert, M and Rastle, K (second edition) - a summary


This is a summary of the book: Historical and conceptual issues in psychology, by Brysbaert, M and Rastle, K. This book is about the history of Psychology and how now-day psychology came to be. The book is used in the course 'Foundations of psychology' at the second year of

Contributions, Comments & Kudos

Add new contribution

This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.
Enter the characters shown in the image.
Summaries & Study Note of SanneA
Join World Supporter
Join World Supporter
Log in or create your free account

Why create an account?

  • Your WorldSupporter account gives you access to all functionalities of the platform
  • Once you are logged in, you can:
    • Save pages to your favorites
    • Give feedback or share contributions
    • participate in discussions
    • share your own contributions through the 11 WorldSupporter tools
Access level of this page
  • Public
  • WorldSupporters only
  • JoHo members
  • Private

JoHo kan jouw hulp goed gebruiken! Check hier de diverse bijbanen die aansluiten bij je studie, je competenties verbeteren, je cv versterken en je een bijdrage laten leveren aan een mooiere wereld