Beyond the null ritual, formal modeling of psychological processes - summary of an article by Marewski, & Olsson, (2009)

Critical thinkingArticle: Marewski, & Olsson, (2009)Beyond the null ritual, formal modeling of psychological processes Rituals can be characterized by a range of attributes including:Repetitions of the same actionFixations on special features such as numbersAnxieties about punishments for rule violationsWishful thinkingEach of these characteristics is reflected in null hypothesis significance testing. One good way to make theories more precise is to cast them as formal models.In doing so, researchers can move beyond the problems of null hypothesis significance testing, and simple difference searching. In the broadest sense, a model is a simplified representation of the world that aims to explain observed data.A model is a formal instantiation of a theory that specifies the theory’s predictions. This category also includes statistical tools, such as structural equation or regression models. Statistical tools are not typically meant to mirror the workings of psychological mechanisms. What is the scope of Modeling? Modeling is not meant to be applied equally to all research questions. Each method has its specific advantages and disadvantages. Modeling helps researchers answer involved questions and understand complex phenomena.In psychology, modeling is especially suited for basic and applied research about the cognitive system. ...

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WSRt, critical thinking - a summary of all articles needed in the second block of second year psychology at the uva

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This is a summary of the articles and reading materials that are needed for the second block in the course WSR-t. This course is given to second year psychology students at the Uva. This block is about analysing and evaluating psychological research. The order in which the

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Summaries & Study Note of SanneA
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