Lecture 1: Introduction, Methods and Development
Health and Illness: positive concept of health and negative concepts of disease/ illness/ sickness are defined differently in different cultures! Culture influences:What constitutes health or illness? - culture-specific illnessesWhat causes health or illness? - some cultures take personalistic views, while Western medicine is generally mechanisticWhat should be done for health or against illness. - habits in terms of seeking health care; acceptable health care practices Culture can be thought of as a set of implicit and explicit guidelines/information that individuals acquire as members of a particular society or context, regarding, eg how to view the world/ how to experience emotions/ how to behave in relation to other people/ to supernatural forces or gods/ to the natural environment. It also provides a way of transmitting these guidelines to the next generation (enculturation).Enculturation: a 'lens' through which the individual perceives and understands the world that he inhabits and learns how to live with it. The group or context itself. Challenges to definitions/ challenges to define cultures:Cultural boundaries are not distinct, often unclearCultures are dynamic and change over timeThere are as many variations within cultures as between cultures Problem with stereotypes: person-related variables are generally continuous and distributedArtificial or false dichotomies should be avoided Multiple levels of cultureTertiary level: explicit manifest culture, visible to the outsider, such as social rituals, traditional dress, national cuisine, festive occasions = 'facade of a culture' Secondary level:...
Lecture 8 CAWortman contributed on 11-06-2019 12:43
Lecture 8 is finished! Only lecture 7 needs to be uploaded, I will do this as soon as possible.
Everything is up to date! CAWortman contributed on 13-06-2019 13:45
All the lectures are uploaded and complete! If you notice any (spelling) mistakes/errors, let me know! :)
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