What are the three main views in the mind-brain problem?

The mind-brain problem is the issue of how the mind is related to the brain.
Three main views on this problem are:

  • Dualism
    The mind (or soul) is something independent of the body
  • Materialism
    The mind is nothing but a by-product of the biological processes taking place in a particular brain.
  • Functionalism
    The mind is indeed realised in a brain, but it could be copied in any other brain.
    Just like information on a computer can be copied to other computers.
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