Summaries per chapter with the 13th edition of Biological Psychology by Kalat

Summaries per chapter with Biological Psychology

Summaries per chapter with Biological Psychology

  • For summaries with all chapters of the 13th edition of Biological Psychology by Kalat, see the supporting content of this page

Table of content

  • Chapter 0 - What is Biological Psychology?
  • Chapter 1 - What are nerve cells and nerve impulses?
  • Chapter 2 - What is the function of synapses?
  • Chapter 3 - What does the human vertebrate nervous system look like?
  • Chapter 4 - How did the human vertebrate nervous system develop throughout evolution?
  • Chapter 5 - How does visual perception work in the human brain?
  • Chapter 6 - How do the other senses work?
  • Chapter 7 - How can the human brain control body movement?
  • Chapter 8 - What is sleep and why is it important for the human brain?
  • Chapter 9 - How does the human body regulate temperature, thirst and hunger?
  • Chapter 10 - How can hormones influence sexual behaviour?
  • Chapter 11 - What are the relationships between emotions, stress and health?
  • Chapter 12 - What is the biology of learning and memory?
  • Chapter 13 - What is the biology of cognitive functions?
  • Chapter 14 - How can mental disorders be explained and defined biologically?

Related summaries and study assistance

Check supporting content in full:
What is Biological Psychology? - Chapter 0
What are nerve cells and nerve impulses? - Chapter 1
What is the function of synapses? - Chapter 2
What does the human vertebrate nervous system look like? - Chapter 3
How did the human vertebrate nervous system develop throughout evolution? - Chapter 4
How does visual perception work in the human brain? - Chapter 5
How do the other senses work? - Chapter 6
How can the human brain control body movement? - Chapter 7
What is sleep and why is it important for the human brain? - Chapter 8
How does the human body regulate temperature, thirst and hunger? - Chapter 9
How can hormones influence sexual behaviour? - Chapter 10
What are the relationships between emotions, stress and health? - Chapter 11
What is the biology of learning and memory? - Chapter 12
What is the biology of cognitive functions? - Chapter 13
How can mental disorders be explained and defined biologically? - Chapter 14
Check page access:
Public
Check more or recent content:

The Kalat Bundle: summaries and study notes for Biological Psychology

Study guide with Biological Psychology by Kalat

Study guide with Biological Psychology by Kalat

Summaries and Study Assistance with Biological Psychology by Kalat

Table of content

  • Summary with the book: Biological Psychology by Kalat
  • Bullets with the book: Biological Psychology by Kalat
Access: 
Public
BulletPointsummary per chapter with the 13th edition of Biological Psychology by Kalat - Chapter

BulletPointsummary per chapter with the 13th edition of Biological Psychology by Kalat - Chapter


What is Biological Psychology? - BulletPoints 0

  • There are many questions about the relationship between physics and psychology, but also about our existence. Questions that cover this subject are ‘Why is there something instead of nothing?’ and ‘How did the universe develop?’.

  • Biological Psychology is the study of the physiological, evolutionary, and developmental mechanisms of behaviour and experience. Biological psychology tries to find a link between the build-up of the brain and the behaviour an organism shows.

  • Mental activity and certain types of brain activity are inseparable. This is called monism (the universe exists out of one type of material). The opposite of this is dualism (the brain exists out of one type of substance and matter is something else). Most scientists and neuroscientists support monism.

What are nerve cells and nerve impulses? - BulletPoints 1

  • The nervous system consists of two kind of specialized cells. Neurons process and transmit information by electrical and chemical signalling; and glia maintain homeostasis, form myelin, provide support and protection for neurons.

  • The myelin sheath is an insulating layer around the axon. It has intervals called the nodes of Ranvier. The myelin sheath accelerates the action potential. An afferent axon is an axon that imports information into a structure. An efferent axon is an axon that exports information from a structure. An interneuron is a neuron that connects afferent neurons and efferent neurons in neural pathways.

  • The vertebrate brain does not replace damaged neural cells, as damaged cells in

.....read more
Access: 
Public
Summaries per chapter with the 13th edition of Biological Psychology by Kalat

Summaries per chapter with the 13th edition of Biological Psychology by Kalat

Summaries per chapter with Biological Psychology

Summaries per chapter with Biological Psychology

  • For summaries with all chapters of the 13th edition of Biological Psychology by Kalat, see the supporting content of this page

Table of content

  • Chapter 0 - What is Biological Psychology?
  • Chapter 1 - What are nerve cells and nerve impulses?
  • Chapter 2 - What is the function of synapses?
  • Chapter 3 - What does the human vertebrate nervous system look like?
  • Chapter 4 - How did the human vertebrate nervous system develop throughout evolution?
  • Chapter 5 - How does visual perception work in the human brain?
  • Chapter 6 - How do the other senses work?
  • Chapter 7 - How can the human brain control body movement?
  • Chapter 8 - What is sleep and why is it important for the human brain?
  • Chapter 9 - How does the human body regulate temperature, thirst and hunger?
  • Chapter 10 - How can hormones influence sexual behaviour?
  • Chapter 11 - What are the relationships between emotions, stress and health?
  • Chapter 12 - What is the biology of learning and memory?
  • Chapter 13 - What is the biology of cognitive functions?
  • Chapter 14 - How can mental disorders be explained and defined biologically?

Related summaries and study assistance

Access: 
Public
Summary with Biological psychology - Kalat - 12th edition

Summary with Biological psychology - Kalat - 12th edition


What is biological psychology? - Chapter 1 (12)

Biological Psychology is the study of the physiological, evolutionary, and developmental mechanisms of behaviour and experience. Biological psychology tries to find a link between the build of the brains and the behaviour an organism shows. It’s not only a research field, but also a certain position. We behave because of certain brain mechanisms, which we have developed because previous animals have survived with these mechanisms and produced better than animals with other mechanisms. In order to make a connection between brains and behaviour, we need to know more about the different areas of the brain.

The writers of this book want you to remember three things:

  1. Perception happens in the brains. When something touches your hand, your hand will send a signal to the brain. You will feel it in your brain, not in your hand.

  2. Mental activity and certain types of brain activity are inseparable. This is called monism (the universe exists out of one type of material). The opposite of this is dualism (the brain exists out of one type of substance and matter is something else). Most scientists and neuroscientists support monism.

  3. You have to be careful in reporting what is an explanation and what isn’t. Research has shown that some parts of the brain are less active in depressive people. However, this doesn’t mean that less active parts of the brain cause depression. We need to know more before concluding something.

There are four categories of biological explanations of behaviour:

  1. The Physiological explanation focuses on

.....read more
Access: 
Public
Summary Biological psychology by Kalat (11th edition)

Summary Biological psychology by Kalat (11th edition)



Chapter 1 - Introduction

 

What is the relationship between mind and body?

Biological Psychology is the study of the physiological, evolutionary, and developmental mechanisms of behavior and experience.

 

There are four categories of biological explanations of behavior:

  1. The Physiological explanation focuses on the brain and other anatomical structures.

  2. The Ontogenetic explanation focuses on the development of structures/behavior.

  3. The Evolutionary explanation focuses on the evolutionary history of structures/behavior.

  4. The Functional explanation focuses on the functions of structures/behavior, why they developed.

 

The mind-body problem asks the question: What is the relationship between between mental activity and brain experience? There are two different approaches to this question:

  1. Dualism is the view that the mind and body function separately.

  2. Monism is the view that the mind and body are the same substance. We can identify various forms of monism: materialism (everything is physical) mentalism (the mind is a precondition for the physical world) and identity position (the mind and body are the same but described by different terms).

 

Do other people have consciousness?

Solipsism is the belief that “I am the only one who exists”.

Easy and hard problems of consciousness

 

The genetic basis of behavior

Genes are units of heredity, which come in pairs. Chromosomes are strands of genes and they also occur in pairs (with.....read more

Access: 
Public
Examtests with the 13th edition of Biological Psychology by Kalat

Examtests with the 13th edition of Biological Psychology by Kalat


What are nerve cells and nerve impulses? - ExamTest 1

Questions

Question 1

The two kinds of cells in the nervous system are ___, which receive and transmit information to other cells, and ___ which do not transmit information.

  1. Neurons, glia
  2. Glia, hypoglia
  3. Glia, neurons
  4. Neurons, corpuscles

Question 2

The outer surface of a cell is called the ___ and the fluid inside the cell is the ___.

  1. Cytoplasm, endoplasm
  2. Membrane, nuclear fluid
  3. Wall, goo
  4. Membrane, cytoplasm

Question 3

Which part of a neuron contains the nucleus?

  1. Cell body
  2. Dendrites
  3. Axon
  4. Presynaptic ending

Question 4

Neurons have one ___, but can have any number of ___.

  1. Dendrite, axons
  2. Axon, dendrites
  3. Cell body, axons
  4. Axon hillock, cell bodies

Question 5

As a general rule, axons convey information ___.

  1. Toward dendrites of their own cell.
  2. Toward their own cell body.
  3. Away from the cell body.
  4. To glia.

Question 6

What is an interneuron?

  1. A glia cell that separates one neuron from another.
  2. A neuron that receives all its information from other neurons and conveys impulses only to other neurons.
  3. A neuron that has its cell body in the spinal cord and an axon that extends to a muscle or gland.
  4. A cell whose properties are halfway between those of a neuron and those of a glia cell.

Question 7

A neuron that conveys information toward the hippocampus is considered a (an) ___ cell, with regard to the hippocampus.

  1. Afferent
  2. Efferent
  3. Intrinsic
  4. Motor

Question 8

A neuron that conveys information away from the hippocampus is considered a (an) ___ cell, with regard to the hippocampus.

    .....read more
    Access: 
    Public
    Kalat - Biological Psychology: practice questions

    Kalat - Biological Psychology: practice questions


    TEST QUESTIONS CHAPTER 2

     

    1. The two kinds of cells in the nervous system are __________, which receive and transmit information to other cells, and __________, which do not transmit information.

    A) neurons, glia

    B) glia, hypoglia

    C) glia, neurons

    D) neurons, corpuscles

     

    2. The outer surface of a cell is called the __________ and the fluid inside the cell is the __________.

    A) cytoplasm, endoplasm

    B) membrane, nuclear fluid

    C) wall, goo

    D) membrane, cytoplasm

     

    3. Which structure within an animal cell contains the chromosomes?

    A) endoplasmic reticulum

    B) mitochondrion

    C) membrane

    D) nucleus

     

    4. The main feature that distinguishes a neuron from other cells is the neuron's

    A) larger nucleus.

    B) ability to metabolize a variety of fuels.

    C) high internal concentration of sodium ions.

    D) varied shape.

     

    5. Which part of a neuron contains the nucleus?

    A) cell body

    B) dendrites

    C) axon

    D) presynaptic ending

     

    6. Neurons have one __________, but can have any number of __________.

    A) dendrite, axons

    B) axon, dendrites

    C) cell body, axons

    D) axon hillock, cell bodies

     

    7. An axon hillock is

    A) the end of an axon, close to the next cell.

    B) a swelling in the middle of an axon.

    C) a point at which the axon branches in two or more directions.

    D) a swelling at the start of an axon, next to the cell body.

     

    8. As a general rule, axons convey information

    A) toward dendrites of their own cell.

    B) toward their own cell body.

    C) away from the cell body.

    D) to glia.

     

    9. One way to tell the difference between a dendrite and an axon is that dendrites usually

    A) form branches perpendicular to the main trunk of the dendrite.

    B) are longer than the axon.

    C) are covered with myelin.

    D) taper in diameter toward their periphery.

     

    10. An interneuron is

    A) a glia cell that separates one neuron from another.

    B) a neuron that receives all its information from other neurons and conveys impulses only to other neurons.

    C) a neuron that has its cell body in the spinal cord and an axon that extends to a muscle or gland.

    D) a cell whose properties are halfway between those of a neuron and those of a glia cell.

     

    11. A neuron that conveys information toward the hippocampus is considered a (an) __________ cell, with regard

    .....read more
    Access: 
    Public
    Work for WorldSupporter

    Image

    JoHo can really use your help!  Check out the various student jobs here that match your studies, improve your competencies, strengthen your CV and contribute to a more tolerant world

    Working for JoHo as a student in Leyden

    Parttime werken voor JoHo

    Check more of this topic?
    How to use more summaries?


    Online access to all summaries, study notes en practice exams

    Using and finding summaries, study notes en practice exams on JoHo WorldSupporter

    There are several ways to navigate the large amount of summaries, study notes en practice exams on JoHo WorldSupporter.

    1. Starting Pages: for some fields of study and some university curricula editors have created (start) magazines where customised selections of summaries are put together to smoothen navigation. When you have found a magazine of your likings, add that page to your favorites so you can easily go to that starting point directly from your profile during future visits. Below you will find some start magazines per field of study
    2. Use the menu above every page to go to one of the main starting pages
    3. Tags & Taxonomy: gives you insight in the amount of summaries that are tagged by authors on specific subjects. This type of navigation can help find summaries that you could have missed when just using the search tools. Tags are organised per field of study and per study institution. Note: not all content is tagged thoroughly, so when this approach doesn't give the results you were looking for, please check the search tool as back up
    4. Follow authors or (study) organizations: by following individual users, authors and your study organizations you are likely to discover more relevant study materials.
    5. Search tool : 'quick & dirty'- not very elegant but the fastest way to find a specific summary of a book or study assistance with a specific course or subject. The search tool is also available at the bottom of most pages

    Do you want to share your summaries with JoHo WorldSupporter and its visitors?

    Quicklinks to fields of study (main tags and taxonomy terms)

    Field of study

    Access level of this page
    • Public
    • WorldSupporters only
    • JoHo members
    • Private
    Statistics
    994
    Comments, Compliments & Kudos:

    Add new contribution

    CAPTCHA
    This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.
    Image CAPTCHA
    Enter the characters shown in the image.
    Promotions
    vacatures

    JoHo kan jouw hulp goed gebruiken! Check hier de diverse studentenbanen die aansluiten bij je studie, je competenties verbeteren, je cv versterken en een bijdrage leveren aan een tolerantere wereld