This video gives a good and funny explanation about Plato's Allegory of the Cave
To better understand the difference between Plato and Aristotle, this is a useful video:
For a fun explanation about Descartes, watch this video:
Do humans operate like computers? To see Kant's view on this matter, here is a good explanation video.
For a quick summary of the history of neuroscience and experiments on the brain, here is a helpful video:
This magazine tells you everything about psychology. In this wide content you can read about cognitions, leadership, sex, culture and more.
Wundt used three methods to study psychology
- Experimental method
- Psychophysical methods to study the connection between physical stimuli and their conscious states
- The measurement and duration of simple mental processes
- The accuracy of
The idols of Bacon are problematic ideas
The four of them are:
- Idol of the Tribe
Everything that all humans possess that distort objective observation
- Idol of the Cave
Someone's personal idols. These are the things that distort the
The mind-brain problem is the issue of how the mind is related to the brain.
Three main views on this problem are:
The mind (or soul) is something independent of the body
The mind is nothing but a by-product of the
Three conditions must be met before an action can be described to free will:
- The agent must have been able to do otherwise. Free will only exists when there is a choice
- The act must originate in the agent, not in some external force
- The act
Monads are (according to Leibniz) but energy-laden and soul-invested units. He believed there are four types of monads.
- Simple monads
The bodies of all matter
Some type of unconscious and unorganized perception. They ware motivated by a tendency to
Science’s claim of superiority was based on four principles
There is a physical world with independent objects, which can be understood by human intellect
Knowledge of the physical world does not depend on the observer.
Verificationism states that a proposition is scientific only if it can be verified through objective, value-free observation
Problems with this are:
- It is logically impossible to prove the truth of a conclusion on the basis of repeated observations.
Realism holds that:
- Concepts used in human knowledge refer to a physical reality which has priority
- Knowledge is discovered rather than created
- Truth is determined by the correspondence between knowledge and the physical world
Matrialism states that everything is matter.
The three forms of materialism are:
- Eliminative materialism
There are no mental states
- Reductive materialism
Materialism with mental states, which can be reduced to matter
A good counsellor in Rodger’s eyes was characterised by:
- Unconditional positive regard
The counsellor supports the client unconditionally and is non-judgmental
- Emphatic understanding
The counsellor ensures that he/she understands the client’
Science has seven demarcation criteria. These criteria are:
The theory is shown in the outside world
The theory can be shown to be incorrect
- Cumulative knowledge
New knowledge is consistent with
This is a summary of the book: Historical and conceptual issues in psychology, by Brysbaert, M and Rastle, K. This book is about the history of Psychology and how now-day psychology came to be. The book is used in the course 'Foundations of psychology' at the second year of...
Revolutions as Changes of World view
Paradigm changes cause scientists to see the world of their research-engagement differently.
As their only recourse to that world is through what they see and do, we may want to say that after a revolution scientists are responding to a different world.
At times of revolution, when the normal-scientific tradition changes, the scientist’s perception of his environment must be re-educated in some familiar situations he must learn to see a new gestalt.
After he has done so the world of his research will seem, and hence there, incommensurable with the one he had inhabited before.