Samenvatting Politieke wetenschap Universiteit Leiden jaar 1 Bachelor Politicologie blok 4

Summary political science

 

Lecture 1: 

This was largely an introduction to the field with no real information that you should know for the exams. 

 

Lecture 2: 

 

Terminology

  • Analytical political theory: study of concepts, ideas and values who are used to describe and explain = conceptualizing 

  • Political theory: a combination of analytical, empirical and normative theories 

  • Normative political theory: How politics should be

  • Normative political science: The use of theories about how politics should be

 

Empirical

  • Facts

  • Describe and explain

  • observational analysis

 

Normative

  • Values

  • How it should be 

  • prescribing and evaluation

  • Argumentational analysis

 

Lijphart: 

 

Empirically descriptive:

  • The Netherlands is a segmented but stable state.

Empirically explanatory:

  • The Netherlands is stable because it has a consensus democracy

Normative prescribing:

  • Segmented states should become a consensus democracy

Normative evaluated:

  • Consensus democracy is better for stability than a competitive democracy. 

 

Lecture 3: ontology and epistemology

 

Discussion about how a closed and final a theory is 

  • How do we look to reality and how do we cope with it

 

Philosophy of Science: philosophical research to assumptions, methods and results of scientific research. 

  • Meta-theory: About the core of reality 

 

  • Ontology: What is? What is knowable

  • Epistemology: What ought to be? How can we know?

  • Methodology: How can it

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Summaries & Study Note of Luc Berger
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