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Predictors of PTSD
Exposure to trauma may not always be sufficient to explain the development of PTSD, but when people are exposed to traumatic events, the risk of PTSD is enhanced reliably. Individual vulnerability factors have a role to play in understanding PTSD.
The strongest predictors of PTSD are factors occuring during of after the trauma.
Gender, age at trauma and race predict PTSD in some populations, but not others. Education, previous trauma and general childhood adversity predicts PTSD more consistently but to a varying extend. Psychiatric history, reported childhood abuse, and family psychiatric history have predictive effects.
By a relatively small extent, the risk of PTSD is enhanced by the effects of: female gender, greater social, educational and intellectual disadvantages, psychiatric history and various types of previous adversity
The risk of PTSD is enhanced by factors occurring during or after the trauma like: peritraumatic dissociation, preceived support, preceived life threat and peritraumatic emotions.