Evaluating Theories - summary of an article by Dennis & Kintsch

Critical thinkingArticle: Dennis & KintschEvaluating Theories A theory is a concise statement about how we believe the world to be.Theories organize observations of the world and allow researchers to make predictions about what will happen in the future under certain conditions. Science is about the testing of theories, and the data we collect as scientists should either implicitly or explicitly bear on theory. The characteristics that lead a theory to be successful from those that make it truly useful:Descriptive adequacy:Does the theory accord with the available data?Precision and interpretability:Is the theory described in a sufficiently precise fashion that other theorists can interpret it easily and unambiguously?Coherence and consistency:Are there logical flaws in the theory? Does each component of the theory seem to fit with the others in to a coherent whole? Is it consistent with theory in other domains?Prediction and falsifiability:Is the theory formulated in such a way that critical tests can be conducted that could reasonably lead to the rejection of the theory?Postdiction and explanation:Does the theory provide a genuine explanation of existing results?Parsimony:Is the theory as simple as possible?Originality:Is the theory new or is it essentially a restatement of an existing theory?Breadth:Does the theory apply to a broad range of phenomena or is it restricted to a limited domain?Usability:Does the theory have applied implications?Rationality: Does the theory make claims about the architecture of mind that seem reasonable in the light of the environmental contingencies that have shaped or evolutionary theory?...

Access options

The full content is only visible for Logged in World Supporters.

More benefits of joining WorldSupporter

  • You can use the navigation and follow your favorite supporters
  • You can create your own content & add contributions
  • You can save your favorite content and make your own bundles
  • See the menu for more benefits

Full access to all pages on World Supporter requires a JoHo membership

  • For information about international JoHo memberships, read more here.


Support JoHo and support yourself by becoming a JoHo member


Become a Member



Connect & Continue
WorldSupporter Resources

WSRt, critical thinking - a summary of all articles needed in the second block of second year psychology at the uva


This is a summary of the articles and reading materials that are needed for the second block in the course WSR-t. This course is given to second year psychology students at the Uva. This block is about analysing and evaluating psychological research. The order in which the

Contributions, Comments & Kudos

Add new contribution

This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.
Enter the characters shown in the image.
Summaries & Study Note of SanneA
Join World Supporter
Join World Supporter
Log in or create your free account

Why create an account?

  • Your WorldSupporter account gives you access to all functionalities of the platform
  • Once you are logged in, you can:
    • Save pages to your favorites
    • Give feedback or share contributions
    • participate in discussions
    • share your own contributions through the 11 WorldSupporter tools
Access level of this page
  • Public
  • WorldSupporters only
  • JoHo members
  • Private

JoHo kan jouw hulp goed gebruiken! Check hier de diverse bijbanen die aansluiten bij je studie, je competenties verbeteren, je cv versterken en je een bijdrage laten leveren aan een mooiere wereld