Notes (EN) - Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology - B2/3 - Psychologie - UL

Lecture 1: What are emotions and why do we have them?

Emotions in folk psychology

There is a huge difference between scientific knowledge and ‘kitchen’ psychology. One of the folk psychology ideas is that you should be rational, and not act upon your emotions. Another common idea in the folk psychology is that ‘my heart says one thing, but my head says something else’, and that ‘emotions come over me, they happen to me’ or ‘time heals’.

Emotions: helpful or harmful?

Emotions are very important signals, just like pain tells you that something needs to be looked after in your body. Emotions tell you that something meaningful has happened. Everything else disappears, emotions give you a very clear focus. That is also what you communicate with your environment. The worst thing you can do is to ignore your emotions, just like it’s bad to ignore your pain, because it will only get worse when you neglect it.

Functional emotion theory

Frijda (1986) is one of the founding fathers of the current emotion theory. It is still very valid today. He says that there’s always a concern at stake. Something meaningful is happening, it can be either a positive or a negative emotion. These emotions, positive or negative, cause changes in action readiness. You can either fight or flight, but in both situations the whole body is involved. This is called physical arousal, which prepares the body to react to the situation. It is aimed to change or maintain relationships. This is the core of the whole emotion theory: emotions are there because you want or don’t want something in relation to others. It’s all about relationships with other persons. We have emotions to regulate our relationships with others. Sadness is a very powerful emotion, because it brings the... Interested? Read the instructions below in order to read the full content of this page.

Access options

The full content is only visible for JoHo members.

  • For information about international JoHo memberships, read more here.
  • Are you already a member? Add your JoHo membership number to your World Supporter account to activate your increased member access
  • or mail


For Dutch visitors

Toegang tot pagina of document:

Word JoHo donateur of abonnee voor online toegang

  • Om online toegang te krijgen kun je JoHo donateur worden
  • Lees hieronder meer over JoHo donateur en abonnee worden

Je bent al donateur, maar je hebt geen toegang?

  • Log in, of maak een account aan als je dat nog niet eerder hebt gedaan.
  • Voeg je JoHo (member) nummer toe aan je account voor volledige toegang. Je kunt dit nummer vinden op of in de bevestigingsmail van je JoHo donateursinschrijving. Kom je er niet uit, neem dan even contact op!

Kom je er niet helemaal uit of heb je problemen met inloggen?


Korte advieswijzer JoHo services

JoHo donateur (= €5 per kalenderjaar):

  • Voor wie JoHo wil steunen
  • Voor wie toegang wil tot de (service)abonnementen
  • Voor wie van basiskortingen gebruik wil maken

JoHo donateur + service-abonnement I (= €5 + 10 per kalenderjaar):

  • Voor wie basistoegang wil tot de online JoHo's en boeksamenvattingen
  • Voor wie gebruik wil maken van de vacatureservice en bijbehorende keuzehulp & advieswijzers
  • Voor wie gebruik wil maken van keuzehulp en advies wil bij werk in het buitenland, lange reizen, vrijwilligerswerk, stages en studie in het buitenland

JoHo donateur met een doorlopende verzekering

  • Sluit je via JoHo een jaarlijks doorlopende verzekering af, dan kan je gedurende de looptijd van je verzekering gebruikmaken van de voordelen van service-abonnement III: hoge kortingen + volledig online toegang + alle extra services. Lees meer


Steun JoHo en steun jezelf door JoHo donateur te worden

Direct Donateur Worden




Summaries & Study Note of Psychologie World Supporter

Log in or Create your Free account

Why create an account?

  • Your WorldSupporter account gives you access to all functionalities of the platform
  • Once you are logged in, you can:
    • Save pages to your favorites
    • Give feedback or share contributions
    • participate in discussions
    • share your own contributions through the 11 WorldSupporter tools

Access level of this page

  • Public
  • WorldSupporters only
  • JoHo members
  • Private

Join World Supporter

Join World Supporter

to follow other supporters, see more content and use the tools
to see all content